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What Is Appium Testing? And Why Is It A Popular Tool For Mobile Testing

App owners want their apps to function the best and will not allow the presence of defects that plague a software system with numerous bugs and errors. When numerous defects plague an app, it creates a ripple effect beyond the technical aspects. Users encountering frequent issues may become frustrated, leading to a higher likelihood of uninstallation. This impacts the app’s user base and tarnishes the company’s reputation. Thus, regardless of size, a recurring question for companies revolves around finding ways to diminish the defect rate. With the power of automation, you can meticulously craft a plan to tackle these challenges.

Forbes anticipates the automation testing market surpassing $52.7 billion by 2027, doubling from $24.7 billion in 2022. With the perceived advantages of creating once and reusing multiple times, automation has saved substantial amounts of money and ensured dependable development and deployment.

Similarly, automation tools like Appium empower development teams to minimize errors and amplify productivity in software development. Appium is an outstanding open-source tool that aims to simplify UI automation across diverse app platforms.

In this exploration, we will highlight the advantages of Appium 2.0 migration, highlighting its state-of-the-art features and improvements that enhance UI automation across various platforms.

What is Appium Tool?

Appium is a mobile automation testing tool for automating mobile applications across various operating systems like Android and iOS. As an open-source tool, Appium enables testing automation for different mobile applications, including native, WAP, and hybrid applications. It plays a crucial role in reducing the delivery time of mobile applications. Testers can swiftly validate numerous features by automating test cases, facilitating faster product shipment. Test scripts created can be executed on real devices if available or on emulators/simulators if not. 

Appium has recently released Appium 2.0, marking the most significant update in over five years. Unlike focusing primarily on altering automation behaviors for specific platforms, Appium 2.0 takes a different approach. It reconceptualizes Appium as a platform that facilitates the effortless creation and sharing of “drivers” (projects supporting the automation of specific platforms) and “plugins” (projects enabling the modification, extension, or addition of behaviors to Appium).

Appium 2.0 aims to achieve the following critical objectives with its release:

1. Platform-Specific Automation

Appium 2.0 introduces a standardized, cross-platform API for seamless automation on Android and iOS. It ensures access to unique platform features, enhancing native user experiences.

2. Multi-Language Support

Enables developers to access the API seamlessly from multiple programming languages. It offers flexibility, allowing developers to choose their preferred language.

3. Community-Driven Extensions

Facilitates community-driven development of Appium extensions. Encourages the expansion of functionality through collaborative contributions.

Why is Appium a Popular Testing Tool?

Here are the reasons why Appium has gained popularity in mobile app testing:

  • Appium operates as a server in the background, ensuring seamless automation for native, hybrid, or mobile web applications.
  • Synchronizes effectively with the TestNG testing framework, providing a broader range of testing features and capabilities.
  • It utilizes a built-in UI Automator to generate detailed information logs and offers a comprehensive reporting structure, facilitating better result analysis and debugging.
  • Allows the flexibility to write test code in various languages, including Java, JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, Python, and C#, enhancing adaptability for different teams and preferences.
  • Supports the reusability of test code across different device platforms (iOS, Android, Windows), saving time and effort in test script development.
  • Provides Quality Assurance (QA) teams with full control over back-end APIs and databases through the test code, aiding in identifying and evaluating defects.
  • Testers are not required to modify or recompile the app under test, as Appium uses standard automation APIs on all platforms, avoiding the need for access to the application’s source code.
  • It allows testing on emulators, simulators, or real devices, allowing testers to choose their preferred testing environment.
  • Enables the same tests to run on multiple platforms, widening the coverage and ensuring consistent performance across different operating systems.
  • Offers real-time monitoring of tests, enhancing their robustness during execution and providing insights into the testing process.
  • Allows parallel execution of test automation scripts on different Android or iOS sessions, leveraging UIAutomator, UIAutomation, or Xcode9 for faster testing and scalability.

Final Words

Despite Appium 2.0 aligning with recent technological advancements, organizations may still grapple with key considerations when incorporating them into their projects. Questions may arise, such as how to obtain numerous real devices, handle the introduction of new devices, conduct local testing, and determine the necessary resources for local systems. While Appium testing is effective, the resource requirement challenges many organizations. Consequently, seeking cost-effective alternatives with similar capabilities becomes a common choice.

One such alternative gaining prominence is TestGrid. This automation testing tool provides access to various real devices and supports various testing methodologies, including manual, visual, and automation testing through Appium.

The integration of Appium into the TestGrid framework emerges as a strategic solution, effectively addressing the challenges posed by Appium’s resource-intensive nature. By enabling testing on mobile devices while housing the entire infrastructure in the cloud, TestGrid offers a streamlined and cost-effective approach. This harmonious integration not only preserves Appium’s benefits but also alleviates the burden of managing extensive local resources, making it a pragmatic choice for organizations seeking efficiency and adaptability in their testing processes.

Read More: What is QXEFV? An In-Depth Analysis

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