Megabit Vs Megabyte : What Is The Difference?
One thing that confuses people when choosing their internet connection speed is the difference between megabit (Mb) and megabyte (MB). There are many other jargons related to the internet and networking that you need to understand. But you will likely bring out interruptions if you type the wrong “b” when choosing your internet speed.
You need to know the difference between megabytes and megabits to choose the internet seed according to your business requirements.
Both of these terms are used to describe digital amounts. The term ‘megabytes’ is used to describe the data a storage device can transfer in a second, and it is abbreviated as MBps. On the other hand, the term ‘megabits’ describes how much data your internet connection can transfer in a second, abbreviated as Mbps.
Now you may understand how capitalization of the ‘b’ can make a difference. Let’s take a deeper dive to compare megabits vs. megabytes to know how these terms differ.
What Are Megabits?
“Megabit” is a unit of measurement that is used most often to describe the speed of our internet connection. Megabits per second, or Mbps, describe the data transfer speed of your internet connection. 1 Mbps is equal to one million bits per second.
For example, if your internet service provider is offering a speed of 500 Mbps, it means 500,000,000 bits per second. With this internet connection, what you can download at any given second is 500 megabits.
Also, most of us consider it the top speed we can get from our internet connection, but in reality, it is the full bandwidth set by your internet service provider.
What Do Megabytes Mean?
As we described above, a bit is used to describe a single piece of information, and bits are organised into units of data eight digits long to make a byte. Megabytes are used to describe the storage capacity of devices.
However, you can measure the speed of your connection in bytes by taking the speed in bits per second and dividing it by eight. But internet service providers use bytes to describe internet speed so whenever you see a speed listed for an internet connection, you can say that it is using bits per second.
Mbps is used to describe the data transfer rate across a network, while MBps describes the data transfer rate between an internal component or a drive and its parent device.
Why Is It Essential To Compare Megabit Vs Megabyte?
These little differences in measuring units can cause difficulty for you when you have to deal with your internet speed. If you mix them, you may not be able to get the required internet speed for your home or business.
For example, if you have to download a file of 500MB and your internet speed is 100 Mbps, and you do not notice the capital B in the file size, you may think that it will take only five seconds to download.
However, these units are different from each other. The file size is measured in megabytes, while the internet speed is in megabits per second. As the file size is eight times larger than what you estimated, it will take eight times longer to download, which means 40 seconds.
It is not a thing to bother to wait 35 seconds longer than you expected, but waiting 35 minutes more on a download which you are supposed to take only five minutes, can cause inconvenience. It is also frustrating to realise that you are paying more and your internet connection is providing less speed than you thought.
Difference Between Bits And Bytes
The digital universe is indeed made of ones and zeros. All the devices and equipment in the digital world use binary codes. The term bit is the smallest for a binary digit, or we can say it is the smallest data unit.
Its value can be either “1” or “0”; these values can determine on and off states or something similar.
Now let’s see what a byte is. A byte is made up of 8 bits and is described as the smallest unit of storage. So you must remember that any measurement in bytes is eight times larger than a corresponding unit written in bits.
It means that:
1 megabyte (1MB) = 8 megabits (8and
1 gigabyte (1GB) = 8 gigabits (8GB)
Where Bits and Bytes Are Used?
Now you know that a bit is a single data unit, which can be one or zero, while a byte is eight bits. It is simple to understand. Now let’s move to the next part and see how you can use these two terms:
1. Bits Used In Networking And Computing
Bits are typically used to define the amount of data that you can transfer over your network in one second. It is more difficult to measure data in motion (when downloading or streaming) than measuring data at rest that is in the form of files or programs.
For example, anything you download, be it a picture, email, software, application, or video, is divided into data packets and transmitted in different directions. Often it arrived on your device in a scattered manner and then reorganised. It is not easy to divide this erratic data into bytes, so bits are used instead.
Thus the data transfer rates, download speeds, upload speeds, and bandwidth are always measured in bits per second.
2. Bytes Used For Storage
A byte is the smallest unit used for storage. The capacity of SSDs, hard drives, system memory, and USB sticks is always described as bytes. A bit is smaller, so storage capacities are advertised in megabytes.
Moreover, the size of the software is also measured in bytes. A single character needs a single byte of storage, so storing a word such as ‘hello’ that has five characters requires five bytes. That is why all types of devices, from hard disk to RAM, are measured in bytes.